Best Home design ideas for 2016 .

In the past, inte­ri­ors were put togeth­er instinc­tive­ly as a part of the process of build­ing. The pro­fes­sion of inte­ri­or design has been a con­se­quence of the devel­op­ment of soci­ety and the com­plex archi­tec­ture that has result­ed from the devel­op­ment of indus­tri­al process­es. The pur­suit of effec­tive use of space, user well-being and func­tion­al design has con­tributed to the devel­op­ment of the con­tem­po­rary inte­ri­or design pro­fes­sion. The pro­fes­sion of inte­ri­or design is sep­a­rate and dis­tinct from the role of Inte­ri­or Dec­o­ra­tor, a term com­mon­ly used in the US. The term is less com­mon in the UK where the pro­fes­sion of inte­ri­or design is still unreg­u­lat­ed and there­fore, strict­ly speak­ing, not yet offi­cial­ly a pro­fes­sion.

In ancient India, archi­tects used to work as inte­ri­or design­ers. This can be seen from the ref­er­ences of Vish­wakar­ma the archi­tect — one of the gods in Indi­an mythol­o­gy. Addi­tion­al­ly, the sculp­tures depict­ing ancient texts and events are seen in palaces built in 17th cen­tu­ry India.

In ancient Egypt, “soul hous­es” or mod­els of hous­es were placed in tombs as recep­ta­cles for food offer­ings. From these, it is pos­si­ble to dis­cern details about the inte­ri­or design of dif­fer­ent res­i­dences through­out the dif­fer­ent Egypt­ian dynas­ties, such as changes in ven­ti­la­tion, por­ti­coes, columns, log­gias, win­dows, and doors.

Through­out the 17th and 18th cen­tu­ry and into the ear­ly 19th cen­tu­ry, inte­ri­or dec­o­ra­tion was the con­cern of the home­mak­er, or an employed uphol­ster­er or crafts­man who would advise on the artis­tic style for an inte­ri­or space.

Archi­tects would also employ crafts­men or arti­sans to com­plete inte­ri­or design for their build­ings.

In the mid-to-late 19th cen­tu­ry, inte­ri­or design ser­vices expand­ed great­ly, as the mid­dle class in indus­tri­al coun­tries grew in size and pros­per­i­ty and began to desire the domes­tic trap­pings of wealth to cement their new sta­tus. Large fur­ni­ture firms began to branch out into gen­er­al inte­ri­or design and man­age­ment, offer­ing full house fur­nish­ings in a vari­ety of styles. This busi­ness mod­el flour­ished from the mid-cen­tu­ry to 1914, when this role was increas­ing­ly usurped by inde­pen­dent, often ama­teur, design­ers. This paved the way for the emer­gence of the pro­fes­sion­al inte­ri­or design in the mid-20th cen­tu­ry.
In the 1950s and 1960s, uphol­ster­ers began to expand their busi­ness remits. They framed their busi­ness more broad­ly and in artis­tic terms and began to adver­tise their fur­nish­ings to the pub­lic. To meet the grow­ing demand for con­tract inte­ri­or work on projects such as offices, hotels, and pub­lic build­ings, these busi­ness­es became much larg­er and more com­plex, employ­ing builders, join­ers, plas­ter­ers, tex­tile design­ers, artists, and fur­ni­ture design­ers, as well as engi­neers and tech­ni­cians to ful­fil the job. Firms began to pub­lish and cir­cu­late cat­a­logs with prints for dif­fer­ent lav­ish styles to attract the atten­tion of expand­ing mid­dle class­es.

As depart­ment stores increased in num­ber and size, retail spaces with­in shops were fur­nished in dif­fer­ent styles as exam­ples for cus­tomers. One par­tic­u­lar­ly effec­tive adver­tis­ing tool was to set up mod­el rooms at nation­al and inter­na­tion­al exhi­bi­tions in show­rooms for the pub­lic to see. Some of the pio­neer­ing firms in this regard were War­ing & Gil­low, James Shool­bred, Mintons, and Hol­land & Sons. These tra­di­tion­al high-qual­i­ty fur­ni­ture mak­ing firms began to play an impor­tant role as advis­ers to unsure mid­dle class cus­tomers on taste and style, and began tak­ing out con­tracts to design and fur­nish the inte­ri­ors of many impor­tant build­ings in Britain.

This type of firm emerged in Amer­i­ca after the Civ­il War. The Hert­er Broth­ers, found­ed by two Ger­man emi­gre broth­ers, began as an uphol­stery ware­house and became one of the first firms of fur­ni­ture mak­ers and inte­ri­or dec­o­ra­tors. With their own design office and cab­i­net-mak­ing and uphol­stery work­shops, Hert­er Broth­ers were pre­pared to accom­plish every aspect of inte­ri­or fur­nish­ing includ­ing dec­o­ra­tive pan­el­ing and man­tels, wall and ceil­ing dec­o­ra­tion, pat­terned floors, and car­pets and draperies.

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