Health Benifits of Yoga

The ori­gins of yoga have been spec­u­lat­ed to date back to pre-Vedic Indi­an tra­di­tions, it is men­tioned in the Rigve­da, but most like­ly devel­oped around the sixth and fifth cen­turies BCE, in ancient India’s ascetic and śra­maṇa move­ments. The chronol­o­gy of ear­li­est texts describ­ing yoga-prac­tices is unclear, vary­ing­ly cred­it­ed to Hin­du Upan­ishads and Bud­dhist Pāli Canon,[10] prob­a­bly of third cen­tu­ry BCE or lat­er. The Yoga Sutras of Patan­jali date from the first half of the 1st mil­len­ni­um CE, but only gained promi­nence in the West in the 20th cen­tu­ry. Hatha yoga texts emerged around the 11th cen­tu­ry with ori­gins in tantra.

Yoga gurus from India lat­er intro­duced yoga to the west, fol­low­ing the suc­cess of Swa­mi Vivekanan­da in the late 19th and ear­ly 20th cen­tu­ry. In the 1980s, yoga became pop­u­lar as a sys­tem of phys­i­cal exer­cise across the West­ern world. Yoga in Indi­an tra­di­tions, how­ev­er, is more than phys­i­cal exer­cise, it has a med­i­ta­tive and spir­i­tu­al core. One of the six major ortho­dox schools of Hin­duism is also called Yoga, which has its own epis­te­mol­o­gy and meta­physics, and is close­ly relat­ed to Hin­du Samkhya phi­los­o­phy.

Many stud­ies have tried to deter­mine the effec­tive­ness of yoga as a com­ple­men­tary inter­ven­tion for can­cer, schiz­o­phre­nia, asth­ma, and heart dis­ease. The results of these stud­ies have been mixed and incon­clu­sive, with can­cer stud­ies sug­gest­ing none to unclear effec­tive­ness, and oth­ers sug­gest­ing yoga may reduce risk fac­tors and aid in a patient’s psy­cho­log­i­cal heal­ing process.

I am doing every­thing to be fit — like not eat­ing oily food, doing yoga, gym­ming and con­sult­ing my doc.

Suresh Raina

In Vedic San­skrit, yoga (from the root yuj) means “to add”, “to join”, “to unite”, or “to attach” in its most com­mon lit­er­al sense. By fig­u­ra­tive exten­sion from the yok­ing or har­ness­ing of oxen or hors­es, the word took on broad­er mean­ings such as “employ­ment, use, appli­ca­tion, per­for­mance” (com­pare the fig­u­ra­tive uses of “to har­ness” as in “to put some­thing to some use”). All fur­ther devel­op­ments of the sense of this word are post-Vedic. More pro­sa­ic moods such as are also found in Indi­an epic poet­ry.

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There are very many com­pound words con­tain­ing yoga in San­skrit. Yoga can take on mean­ings such as . In sim­pler words, Yoga also means “com­bined”. For exam­ple, guṇáyo­ga means “con­tact with a cord”; chakráyo­ga has a med­ical sense of ; chan­dráyo­ga has the astro­nom­i­cal sense of “con­junc­tion of the moon with a con­stel­la­tion”; puṃyo­ga is a gram­mat­i­cal term express­ing “con­nec­tion or rela­tion with a man”, etc. Thus, bhak­tiyo­ga means “devot­ed attach­ment” in the monothe­is­tic Bhak­ti move­ment.

The term kriyāyo­ga has a gram­mat­i­cal sense, mean­ing “con­nec­tion with a verb”. But the same com­pound is also giv­en a tech­ni­cal mean­ing in the Yoga Sutras , des­ig­nat­ing the “prac­ti­cal” aspects of the phi­los­o­phy, i.e. the “union with the supreme” due to per­for­mance of duties in every­day life

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