Why is Basketball so famous ?

A team can score a field goal by shoot­ing the ball through the bas­ket being defend­ed by the oppo­si­tion team dur­ing reg­u­lar play. A field goal scores three points for the shoot­ing team if the play­er shoots from behind the three-point line, and two points if shot from in front of the line. A team can also score via free throws, which are worth one point, after the oth­er team is assessed with cer­tain fouls. The team with the most points at the end of the game wins, but addi­tion­al time is issued when the score is tied at the end of reg­u­la­tion. The ball can be advanced on the court by throw­ing it to a team­mate, or by bounc­ing it while walk­ing or run­ning. It is a vio­la­tion to lift, or drag, one’s piv­ot foot with­out drib­bling the ball, to car­ry it, or to hold the ball with both hands then resume drib­bling.

There are many tech­niques for ball-handling—shooting, pass­ing, drib­bling, and rebound­ing. Bas­ket­ball teams gen­er­al­ly have play­er posi­tions, the tallest and strongest mem­bers of a team are called a cen­ter or pow­er for­ward, while slight­ly short­er and more agile play­ers are called small for­ward, and the short­est play­ers or those who pos­sess the best ball han­dling skills are called a point guard or shoot­ing guard. The point guard directs the on court action of the team, imple­ment­ing the coach’s game plan, and man­ag­ing the exe­cu­tion of offen­sive and defen­sive plays (play­er posi­tion­ing).

Bas­ket­ball is one of the world’s most pop­u­lar and wide­ly viewed sports. The Nation­al Bas­ket­ball Asso­ci­a­tion (NBA) is the most pop­u­lar and wide­ly con­sid­ered to be the high­est lev­el of pro­fes­sion­al bas­ket­ball in the world and NBA play­ers are the world’s best paid sports­men, by aver­age annu­al salary per play­er. Out­side North Amer­i­ca, the top clubs from nation­al leagues qual­i­fy to con­ti­nen­tal cham­pi­onships such as the Euroleague and FIBA Amer­i­c­as League. The FIBA Bas­ket­ball World Cup attracts the top nation­al teams from around the world. Each con­ti­nent hosts region­al com­pe­ti­tions for nation­al teams, like EuroBas­ket and FIBA Amer­i­c­as Cham­pi­onship.
In ear­ly Decem­ber 1891, Cana­di­an Dr. James Nai­smith, a phys­i­cal edu­ca­tion pro­fes­sor and instruc­tor at the Inter­na­tion­al Young Men’s Chris­t­ian Asso­ci­a­tion Train­ing School[5] (YMCA) (today, Spring­field Col­lege) in Spring­field, Mass­a­chu­setts was try­ing to keep his gym class active on a rainy day.

He sought a vig­or­ous indoor game to keep his stu­dents occu­pied and at prop­er lev­els of fit­ness dur­ing the long New Eng­land win­ters.

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After reject­ing oth­er ideas as either too rough or poor­ly suit­ed to walled-in gym­na­si­ums, he wrote the basic rules and nailed a peach bas­ket onto a 10-foot (3.0 m) ele­vat­ed track. In con­trast with mod­ern bas­ket­ball nets, this peach bas­ket retained its bot­tom, and balls had to be retrieved man­u­al­ly after each “bas­ket” or point scored; this proved inef­fi­cient, how­ev­er, so the bot­tom of the bas­ket was removed, allow­ing the balls to be poked out with a long dow­el each time.

Bas­ket­ball was orig­i­nal­ly played with a soc­cer ball. These round balls from “asso­ci­a­tion foot­ball” were made, at the time, with a set of laces to close off the hole need­ed for insert­ing the inflat­able blad­der after the oth­er sewn-togeth­er seg­ments of the ball’s cov­er had been flipped out­side-in.

These laces could cause bounce pass­es and drib­bling to be unpre­dictable. Even­tu­al­ly a lace-free ball con­struc­tion method was invent­ed, and this change to the game was endorsed by Nai­smith. (Where­as in foot­ball, the lace con­struc­tion proved to be advan­ta­geous for grip­ping and remains to this day.) The first balls made specif­i­cal­ly for bas­ket­ball were brown, and it was only in the late 1950s that Tony Hin­kle, search­ing for a ball that would be more vis­i­ble to play­ers and spec­ta­tors alike, intro­duced the orange ball that is now in com­mon use. Drib­bling was not part of the orig­i­nal game except for the “bounce pass” to team­mates. Pass­ing the ball was the pri­ma­ry means of ball move­ment. Drib­bling was even­tu­al­ly intro­duced but lim­it­ed by the asym­met­ric shape of ear­ly balls. Drib­bling only became a major part of the game around the 1950s, as man­u­fac­tur­ing improved the ball shape.

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