Use of Drone to Minimize the Violence in Highways

An unmanned aer­i­al vehi­cle (UAV), com­mon­ly known as a drone, as an unmanned air­craft sys­tem (UAS), or by sev­er­al oth­er names, is an air­craft with­out a human pilot aboard. The flight of UAVs may oper­ate with var­i­ous degrees of auton­o­my: either under remote con­trol by a human oper­a­tor, or ful­ly or inter­mit­tent­ly autonomous­ly, by onboard com­put­ers.

Com­pared to manned air­craft, UAVs are often pre­ferred for mis­sions that are too “dull, dirty or dan­ger­ous” for humans. They orig­i­nat­ed most­ly in mil­i­tary appli­ca­tions, although their use is expand­ing in com­mer­cial, sci­en­tif­ic, recre­ation­al, agri­cul­tur­al, and oth­er appli­ca­tions, such as polic­ing and sur­veil­lance, aer­i­al pho­tog­ra­phy, agri­cul­ture and drone rac­ing. Civil­ian drones now vast­ly out­num­ber mil­i­tary drones, with esti­mates of over a mil­lion sold by 2015.

The term drone, more wide­ly used by the pub­lic, was coined in ref­er­ence to the resem­blance of dumb-look­ing nav­i­ga­tion and loud-and-reg­u­lar motor sounds of old mil­i­tary unmanned air­craft to the male bee. The term has encoun­tered strong oppo­si­tion from avi­a­tion pro­fes­sion­als and gov­ern­ment reg­u­la­tors.

Work­er bees can leave.
Even drones can fly away.
The Queen is their slave.”
— Chuck Palah­niuk

The term unmanned air­craft sys­tem was adopt­ed by the Unit­ed States Depart­ment of Defense and the Unit­ed States Fed­er­al Avi­a­tion Admin­is­tra­tion in 2005 accord­ing to their Unmanned Air­craft Sys­tem Roadmap 2005–2030. The Inter­na­tion­al Civ­il Avi­a­tion Orga­ni­za­tion and the British Civ­il Avi­a­tion Author­i­ty adopt­ed this term, also used in the Euro­pean Union’s Sin­gle-Euro­pean-Sky  Air-Traf­fic-Man­age­ment Research roadmap for 2020. This term empha­sizes the impor­tance of ele­ments oth­er than the air­craft. It includes ele­ments such as ground con­trol sta­tions, data links and oth­er sup­port equip­ment. A sim­i­lar term is an unmanned-air­craft vehi­cle sys­tem remote­ly pilot­ed aer­i­al vehi­cle, remote­ly pilot­ed air­craft sys­tem. Many sim­i­lar terms are in use. chuck-p-todd-williamson-nymag

A UAV is defined as a “pow­ered, aer­i­al vehi­cle that does not car­ry a human oper­a­tor, uses aero­dy­nam­ic forces to pro­vide vehi­cle lift, can fly autonomous­ly or be pilot­ed remote­ly, can be expend­able or recov­er­able, and can car­ry a lethal or non­lethal pay­load”. There­fore, mis­siles are not con­sid­ered UAVs because the vehi­cle itself is a weapon that is not reused, though it is also unmanned and in some cas­es remote­ly guid­ed.

The rela­tion of UAVs to remote con­trolled mod­el air­craft is unclear. UAVs may or may not include mod­el aircraft.[citation need­ed] Some juris­dic­tions base their def­i­n­i­tion on size or weight, how­ev­er, the US Fed­er­al Avi­a­tion Admin­is­tra­tion defines any unmanned fly­ing craft as a UAV regard­less of size. A radio-con­trolled air­craft becomes a drone with the addi­tion of an autopi­lot arti­fi­cial intel­li­gence (AI), and ceas­es to be a drone when the AI is removed.
The ear­li­est attempt at a pow­ered UAV was A. M. Low’s “Aer­i­al Tar­get” in 1916. Niko­la Tes­la described a fleet of unmanned aer­i­al com­bat vehi­cles in 1915. Advances fol­lowed dur­ing and after World War I, includ­ing the Hewitt-Sper­ry Auto­mat­ic Air­plane. The first scaled remote pilot­ed vehi­cle was devel­oped by film star and mod­el-air­plane enthu­si­ast Regi­nald Den­ny in 1935. More emerged dur­ing World War II – used both to train anti­air­craft gun­ners and to fly attack mis­sions. Nazi Ger­many pro­duced and used var­i­ous UAV air­craft dur­ing the war. Jet engines entered ser­vice after World War II in vehi­cles such as the Aus­tralian GAF Jin­di­vik, and Tele­dyne Ryan Fire­bee I of 1951, while com­pa­nies like Beechcraft offered their Mod­el 1001 for the U.S. Navy in 1955. Nev­er­the­less, they were lit­tle more than remote-con­trolled air­planes until the Viet­nam War.

In 1959, the U.S. Air Force, con­cerned about los­ing pilots over hos­tile ter­ri­to­ry, began plan­ning for the use of unmanned aircraft.Planning inten­si­fied after the Sovi­et Union shot down a U-2 in 1960. With­in days, a high­ly clas­si­fied UAV pro­gram start­ed under the code name of “Red Wag­on”. The August 1964 clash in the Tonkin Gulf between naval units of the U.S. and North Viet­namese Navy ini­ti­at­ed America’s high­ly clas­si­fied UAVs

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