My trip to Greece

Croa­t­ia is a sov­er­eign state at the cross­roads of Cen­tral Europe, South­east Europe, and the Mediter­ranean. Its cap­i­tal cityis Zagreb, which forms one of the country’s pri­ma­ry sub­di­vi­sions, along with its twen­ty coun­ties. Croa­t­ia cov­ers 56,594 square kilo­me­tres and has diverse, most­ly con­ti­nen­tal and Mediter­ranean cli­mates. Croatia’s Adri­at­ic Sea coast con­tains more than a thou­sand islands. The country’s pop­u­la­tion is 4.28 mil­lion, most of whom are Croats, with the most com­mon reli­gious denom­i­na­tion being Roman Catholi­cism. Croa­t­ia can be sub­di­vid­ed between a num­ber of ecore­gions because of its cli­mate and geo­mor­phol­o­gy. The coun­try is con­se­quent­ly one of the rich­est in Europe in terms of bio­di­ver­si­ty. There are four types of bio­geo­graph­i­cal regions in Croatia—Mediterranean along the coast and in its imme­di­ate hin­ter­land, Alpine in most of Lika and Gors­ki Kotar, Pan­non­ian along Dra­va and Danube, and con­ti­nen­tal in the remain­ing areas. One of the most sig­nif­i­cant are karst habi­tats which include sub­merged karst, such as Zrman­ja and Krka canyons and tufa bar­ri­ers, as well as under­ground habi­tats.


The Croats arrived in the area of present-day Croa­t­ia dur­ing the ear­ly part of the 7th cen­tu­ry AD. They organ­ised the state into two duchies by the 9th cen­tu­ry. Tomis­lav became the first king by 925, ele­vat­ing Croa­t­ia to the sta­tus of a king­dom. The King­dom of Croa­t­ia retained its sov­er­eign­ty for near­ly two cen­turies, reach­ing its peak dur­ing the rule of Kings Peter Krešimir IV and Dmi­tar Zvon­imir. Croa­t­ia entered a per­son­al union with Hun­gary in 1102. In 1527, faced with Ottoman con­quest, the Croa­t­ian Par­lia­ment elect­ed Fer­di­nand I of the House of Hab­s­burg to the Croa­t­ian throne. In 1918, after World War I, Croa­t­ia was includ­ed in the unrec­og­nized State of Slovenes, Croats and Serbs which seced­ed from Aus­tria-Hun­gary and merged into the King­dom of Yugoslavia. The Inde­pen­dent State of Croa­t­ia backed by the fas­cist Italy and Ger­many exist­ed dur­ing World War II. After the war, Croa­t­ia became a found­ing mem­ber and a fed­er­al con­stituent of Social­ist Fed­er­al Repub­lic of Yugoslavia, a con­sti­tu­tion­al­ly social­ist state.

maldives-666118_640A uni­tary state, Croa­t­ia is a repub­lic gov­erned under a par­lia­men­tary sys­tem. The Inter­na­tion­al Mon­e­tary Fund clas­si­fied Croa­t­ia as an emerg­ing and devel­op­ing econ­o­my, and the World Bank iden­ti­fied it as a high-income econ­o­my. Croa­t­ia is a mem­ber of theEu­ro­pean Union (EU), Unit­ed Nations (UN), the Coun­cil of Europe, NATO, the World Trade Orga­ni­za­tion (WTO) and a found­ing mem­ber of the Union for the Mediter­ranean. As an active par­tic­i­pant in the UN peace­keep­ing forces, Croa­t­ia has con­tributed troops to the NATO-led mis­sion in Afghanistan and took a non-per­ma­nent seat on the UN Secu­ri­ty Coun­cil for the 2008–2009 term. Mean annu­al pre­cip­i­ta­tion ranges between 600 mil­lime­tres (24 inch­es) and 3,500 mil­lime­tres (140 inch­es) depend­ing on geo­graph­ic region and pre­vail­ing cli­mate type.The least pre­cip­i­ta­tion is record­ed in the out­er islands (Vis, Lastovo,Biševo, Sve­tac) and in the east­ern parts of Slavo­nia, how­ev­er in the lat­ter case, it is most­ly occur­ring dur­ing the grow­ing sea­son.

The max­i­mum pre­cip­i­ta­tion lev­els are observed on the Dinara moun­tain range and in Gors­ki kotar. The ser­vice sec­tor dom­i­nates Croatia’s econ­o­my, fol­lowed by the indus­tri­al sec­tor and agri­cul­ture. Tourism is a sig­nif­i­cant source of rev­enue dur­ing the sum­mer, with Croa­t­ia ranked the 18th most pop­u­lar tourist des­ti­na­tion in the world. The state con­trols a part of the econ­o­my, with sub­stan­tial gov­ern­ment expen­di­ture. The Euro­pean Union is Croatia’s most impor­tant trad­ing part­ner. The Croa­t­ian gov­ern­ment con­stant­ly invests in infra­struc­ture, espe­cial­ly trans­port routes and facil­i­ties along the Pan-Euro­pean cor­ri­dors. Inter­nal sources pro­duce a sig­nif­i­cant por­tion of ener­gy in Croa­t­ia; the rest is import­ed. Croa­t­ia pro­vides a uni­ver­sal health care sys­tem and free pri­ma­ry and sec­ondary edu­ca­tion, while sup­port­ing cul­ture through numer­ous pub­lic insti­tu­tions and cor­po­rate invest­ments in media and pub­lish­ing.